Phonics

 

Letters and Sounds

At St Julian's we use a resource called Letters and Sounds to teach phonics.

Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource which aims to build on children's speaking and listening skills as well as to preparing children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.

Our Letters and Sounds programme for teaching phonic skills starts in EYFS, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers as they move into Key Stage 2.

The Letter and Sounds programme is separated into six Phonic Phases.

What Are Phonics Phases?

Phases are the way the Letters and Sounds Programme is broken down to teach sounds in a certain order.

At the same time whole words that cannot be broken down easily, (we call “tricky words”) are taught to the children.

 

Phase One

(Nursery/EYFS)
Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
 

Phase Two

(EYFS) up to 6 weeks
Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
 

Phase Three (EYFS) up to 12 weeks
The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
 

Phase Four

(EYFS) 4 to 6 weeks
No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
 

Phase Five

(Throughout Year 1)
Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
 

Phase Six

(Throughout Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.